Things to know before donate blood

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Donate blood as there has been a campaign that has been going on and on and on. It is another great merit. because it may save many lives but besides that It’s also good for the donors themselves. But even then there was preparation. that the donor must also prepare

blood donation

each blood donation Approximately 350 – 450 ml of blood will be drawn out, or only 10-12% of the body’s fluid volume. which is an amount that does not destroy health Because the bone marrow can create new blood cells to replace. And these new blood cells will flow in the body for about 120 days and donating blood is still important. because even today there are many medical technologies But it is still unable to create fake blood to replace blood for use in treatment.

donated blood will be centrifuged to separate the components into 3 parts:

Red blood cells are used to treat people who have lost blood from accidents, surgical procedures, and people with anemia. or those with blood disorders, such as those with thalassemia

Plasma is a yellow liquid containing minerals and proteins such as albumin, globumin, etc., which are components that cause blood to clot. used to treat protein deficiency People with dehydration shock Those who were burned, scalded

Platelets are responsible for blood clotting. and filling the tear of the blood vessel Used to treat people with thrombocytopenia, such as leukemia patients. Dengue patients Including those who have difficulty stopping bleeding for this platelet There is also a dedicated donation separate from blood donation.

platelet donation It takes about 2 hours to donate and must be a person with large blood vessels. Therefore, those who can donate therefore often male The blood will be spun in a blood blender. to remove only the platelets before the machine releases the blood back to the donor

donating blood is good for the donor

blood donation Not only saving lives with blood recipients but also good for blood donors themselves whether in terms of health as well as some benefits in treatment

  1. healthy

blood donation is to remove excess blood from the body which will calculate the body weight of the donor By donating blood, the bone marrow will be stimulated to produce blood cells in the system. Makes the circulatory system better body is stronger

2. Make good skin

In the past, there was a misconception that donating blood made you fat. which is not true It also gave the opposite effect. in fact is when excess blood is removed New blood cells are created to replace the circulatory system. It will be good for the metabolic system in the body. and also makes the skin glowing and clear

3. Reduce Cancer Risk

There is research from Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, found that donating blood reduces the risk of many types of cancer, including liver cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer. stomach cancer And there is also a research found that in some people who have problems with too much iron to the point that they are at risk of developing coronary heart disease. Donating blood also removes excess iron from the body.

4. Health Benefits

various hospitals Benefits in medical treatment are given to people who donate blood, for example, blood donors at Thammasat Hospital from 7 times or more can request special room and special meal assistance privileges of no more than 50%. at Thammasat Hospital Which the right for each will be different. Blood donors can be checked at the hospital where they regularly donate. ยูฟ่าเบท

blood donor qualifications

Although donating blood is beneficial to the body. But there are some health features to check. with the following preliminaries

  • There is a blood concentration within the specified criteria. It is 12.5 to 16.5 g/dl in women and 13.0 to 18.5 g/dl in men.
  • weight 50 kg or more
  • Age between 18-70 years old (first time donation must not exceed 60 years old)
  • be healthy no diseases No diarrhea before donating blood
  • People with congenital diseases such as heart disease, liver disease, lung disease, cancer, and bleeding disorders Absolutely do not donate!
  • Not a carrier or hepatitis
  • Has not had malaria in 3 or has not been in a malaria epidemic area for more than 1 year.
  • No major surgery, childbirth or miscarriage in the last 6 months
  • Not during menstruation, pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • No tattoos, no piercings in the past 4 months.
  • No sexual risky behavior
  • No history of drug use

Preparation before donating blood

Although donating blood is an easy thing that can be done all the time (once 3 months), but even so, it needs to be prepared 24 hours in advance.

  • Get enough sleep at least 6 -8 hours.
  • Eat a full meal before donating. If you donate in the morning Should have breakfast before
  • Refrain from drinking alcohol 24 hours before donating
  • Stop smoking 1 hour before donating.
  • Drink at least 3-4 glasses of sweet water or water before donating blood. Prevent blackouts fainting after donating blood and make the blood flow smoothly
  • wear comfortable clothes that rolls their arms up to the crook

Guidelines after donating blood

In addition to having to prepare before donating blood. There is a little caution after donating blood.

  • After donating blood, you must lie down for at least 5 minutes. Do not get out of the bed to donate blood. to assess symptoms
  • Refrain from using force on the arm that donates blood
  • Abstain from all types of exercise.
  • drink more water than usual
  • Take a vitamin iron supplement provided by the blood donation center. to prevent iron deficiency
  • If there are any adverse reactions, inform staff immediately.

Where can I donate?

  1. Thai Red Cross Society
  2. mobile blood donation unit
  3. various hospitals